TOURISMOS: An International Multidisciplinary Refereed Journal of Tourism


ISSN: 1790-8418 (print)
ISSN: 1792-6521 (online)

 

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Volume 5, Number 1, Spring 2010

To download Volume 5, Number 1 in PDF form please click here (the file is approximately 2,5 MB and it opens in a new window).

To download individual papers published in Volume 5, Number 1 in PDF form please click here (access is provided through DOAJ in a new window).

ABSTRACTS

RESEARCH PAPERS:

Improving the Dependability of Destination Recommendations using Information on Social Aspects, by Olawande J. Daramola, Mathew O. Adigun, Charles K. Ayo & Oludayo O. Olugbara

Prior knowledge of the social aspects of prospective destinations can be very influential in making travel destination decisions, especially in instances where social concerns do exist about specific destinations. In this paper, we describe the implementation of an ontology-enabled Hybrid Destination Recommender System (HDRS) that leverages an ontological description of five specific social attributes of major Nigerian cities, and hybrid architecture of content-based and case-based filtering techniques to generate personalised top-n destination recommendations. An empirical usability test was conducted on the system, which revealed that the dependability of recommendations from Destination Recommender Systems (DRS) could be improved if the semantic representation of social attributes information of destinations is made a factor in the destination recommendation process.

 

BARRIERS TO IMPLEMENTING SUSTAINABLE TOURISM POLICY IN MASS TOURISM DESTINATIONS, by Rachel Dodds & Richard Butler

The focus of this paper is on identifying the barriers to successful implementation of sustainable tourism policy. The research used exploratory and descriptive approaches to identify barriers from the literature as well as field research to determine perceived barriers from key respondents in two specific locations in the Mediterranean- Malta and Calvia. The research found that although respondents were aware of sustainable tourism, the individual advantage from exploiting shared pooled or shared resources is often perceived as being greater than the potential long-term shared losses that result from the deterioration of such resources, which means that there is little motivation for individual actors (whether governments, elected officials, or individual operators), to invest or engage in protection or conservation for more sustainable tourism.

 

FOOD SAFETY TRAINING: A MODEL HACCP INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUE, by Vassilis Georgakopoulos

This research project reports the findings of an original study with regards to a new Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) instructional technique to be used for training purposes. The study investigated the effectiveness of a model HACCP instructional technique, the main characteristics of which are the adoption of a new methodology when teaching HACCP and the use of the emerging computer-based technology of Virtual Reality (VR). The findings highlight the advantages offered by the HACCP-VR instructional technique. This approach takes into account the environmental influences on food safety, thus, ensuring that food safety training is seen as part of an overall infrastructure for effective food safety control.

 

Determining the Factors that Affect the Satisfaction of Students Having Undergraduate Tourism Education with the Department by means of the Method of Classification Tree, by Lutfi Atay & Hac? Mehmet Yildirim

When it is considered that the students, who receive tourism education at universities, are also consumers of the education service provided at the departments, it is necessary to determine the factors that affect student satisfaction. The aim of this study is to determine the factors that affect the satisfaction of students who receive undergraduate tourism education, with the tourism undergraduate programs where they are registered. With this purpose, a questionnaire was performed on 1734 students. The method of classification tree was used in determining the factors affecting students’ satisfaction. As a result of the classification tree analysis, it was observed that the variable, which affected students’ satisfaction most, was the job considered to be done after graduation and that this was followed by sufficiency of job opportunities after graduation, whether the department was chosen after researching or not, whether one can be a good manager with the education received from the department or not, and whether the courses included current subjects or not, respectively.

 

THE USE OF ETHNOGRAPHY TO EXPLORE TOURIST SATISFACTION ANTECEDENTS, by Prokopis Christou & Alexis Saveriades

The purpose of this paper is to provide insights concerning the use of ethnographic techniques to explore the antecedents of tourist satisfaction; otherwise referred to as the needs and expectations which precede tourist satisfaction. By revealing the relevance of both needs and expectations in the tourist satisfaction process, the authors proceed in justifying the use of this approach for such exploration. This is based on a thorough review of the global literature as well as on a prolonged ethnographic study undertaken in Cyprus which aimed to investigate holistically the rural tourist satisfaction process. Based on the results of the study, the authors encourage future researchers in the respective tourism field to adopt and make use of the aforementioned approach for similar investigations.

CASE STUDIES:

ROLE OF PUBLIC PARKS/GARDENS IN ATTRACTING DOMESTIC TOURISTS: AN EXAMPLE FROM CITY BEAUTIFUL OF INDIA, by Pradeep Chaudhry & Vindhya P Tewari

Chandigarh-the ‘City Beautiful’ of India is known for its urban greenery and well planned landscaping in the whole world. More than 0.60 millions of domestic tourists are visiting Chandigarh city each year. In a research study undertaken during 2002-04, an assessment about the annual recreational use value of this city’s urban parks and gardens was made by using Zonal Travel Cost Method (TCM) on the domestic tourists coming to the city for tourism purpose. Though man made greenery can not compensate nature’s green cover, yet it plays a significant role in attracting domestic tourists towards a city of parks/gardens in a developing country like India.

 

EVAUATING THE REATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABES, TRAVEL EXPERIENCE AND THE PROBABIIITY TO RETURN TO DESTINTATION: THE CASE OF FRENCH TOURISTS IN EGYPT, by Tarek Sayed Abdel Azim

This exploratory study was conducted in order to investigate the impact of socio-demographic variables “age, sex, familial situation, qualification, profession, income per capita”, travel characteristics and levels of satisfaction concerning the quality of tourist services offered to French travellers to Egypt, the prices and security in Egypt on the probability to return to Egypt in the future in period of chocks represented in the periods following the Sharm el-Sheikh attacks, Dahab attacks and during the aviant flu epidemic crisis which hit Egypt. This probability was estimated using the probit model.

 

ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL TOURISM ON TURKISH ECONOMY, by Mustafa Akal

This study outlines, with a review of earlier studies, the effects of international tourism by showing developments in tourism-related economic parameters and discusses the implications of such tourism on the economy of Turkey. It asks how far international tourism contributes to the economic growth and development of Turkey; how far the country fully values its tourism potential by varying the focus of tourism facilities beyond the sun-sea-sand type of tourism, in order to lead to development of the industry countrywide and contribute further to economic growth; and other positive and negative effects of international tourism on the economy

 

RESEARCH NOTES:

MEASURING TOURIST MOTIVATION: DO SCALES MATTER? by Songshan (Sam) Huang

Measuring tourist motivation has always been a challenging task for tourism researchers. This paper aimed to increase the understanding of tourist motivation measurement by comparing two frequently adopted motivation measurement approaches: self-perception (SP) and importance-rating (IR) approaches. Results indicated that both SP and IR scales were highly reliable in terms of internal consistency. However, respondents tended to rate more positively in the SP scale than in the IR scale. Factor analyses extracted similar underlying structures from the two measurements, with each factor explaining almost the same amount of variances across the two scales. The study suggested that both scales could be regarded as appropriate instruments for measuring tourist motivation, because they seemed to measure the same underlying construct with high reliability.

 

FOREST-BASED TOURISM IN BANGLADESH: STATUS, PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS, by Mahbubul Alam, Yasushi Furukawa & Salma Akter

The article attempts at exploring various dimensions of ecotourism industry and critically analyzes the relationship among the stakeholders, overall strength-weakness of ecotourism sector in Bangladesh and impediments hindering its development. National Parks, Ecoparks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Game Reserves, and the like have been developed in the natural forest ecosystems to attract tourists. The study identifies a number of impediments, including conflict among the stakeholders and forest degradation hindering expansion of ecotourism industry. For sustainable development of forest-based tourism, traditional ‘Top-down’ management approach is suggested to avoid and voice of all stakeholders needs to be considered in decision-making.

 

Quality of Hotels Websites – Proposal for the Development of an Assessment Methodology, by Alvaro Rocha & Jose Avelino Victor

In this article we propose a research whose main objective will be to reach a methodology for assessment, comparing and improving the quality of hotels Websites. The need for this methodology is justified by the fact that, so far, we haven/t identified any methodology that widely integrates and focus the technical quality and the content quality of the Websites.

 

BOOK REVIEW:

L. Mazzarolli, I. Musu & G. Ortalli (editors): A Future for Venice?, Turin: Instituto Veneto di Szienze, Letteri ed Arti , 2006. Review by Ben Offringa

 

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