TOURISMOS: An International Multidisciplinary Refereed Journal of Tourism
Volume 4, Number 1, Spring 2009
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Tourism Demand in Catalonia: Detecting External Economic Factors, by Oscar Claveria & Jordi Datzira
There is a lack of studies on tourism demand in Catalonia. To fill the gap, this paper focuses on detecting the macroeconomic factors that determine tourism demand in Catalonia. We also analyse the relation between these factors and tourism demand. Despite the strong seasonal component and the outliers in the time series of some countries, overnight stays give a better indication of tourism demand in Catalonia than the number of tourists. The degree of linear association between the macroeconomic variables and tourism demand is also higher when using quarterly rather than monthly data. Finally, there are notable differences between the results obtained for the different countries analysed. These results indicate that the best way to model tourism demand in Catalonia is to specify a quarterly model of overnight stays, differentiating between an aggregate demand model for the total number of tourists and specific models for each of the countries analysed.
The Relationship Between Personality, Gender and Hotel Departments: Alanya Region in Turkey, by Sevcan Yildiz, Engin Unguren and Cihan Polat
This study evaluates relationship between personality, gender and departments of a random sample of 91 employees working in 5-star hotels in the Alanya Region of Turkey. Evaluation was conducted using Cattell’s 16 PF (Sixteen Personality Factor) questionnaire. T-test assessed the relationship between personality and gender and one-way Anova analysed personality and department relationship. Results indicate that in the relationship between personality and gender there were significant variance for the openness to change. 16 PF showed significant differences for openness to change, vigilance, privateness and perfectionism subscales, in terms of personality and department relationship .
Tourism Taxation and Environmental Quality in a Model with Vertical Differentiation, by Juan Gabriel Brida and Juan S. Pereyra
The environmental quality of destination has become a tool that hotels have to hold the tourism demand. In this paper we are going to present a model of vertical differentiation in the accommodation industry, where differentiation is associated with quality. Additionally, we assume the existence of a lump sum tax in the accommodation industry. Two are the main results which will be proved in this article; first, if the tourist's willingness to pay for quality increases then both the demand and the price for tourism services increase as a result. However, the increment of the demand for best environmental quality gets higher, and therefore, the environmental quality level of tourism services, that the destination offers, decreases. Second, an increase in the value of the tourism tax leads to an increase in the total environmental quality of the destination .
The State and Tourism Planning: A Case Study of Cambodia, by Vannarith Chheang
State is a catalyst in tourism planning not just because of economic development and poverty reduction but also for national image and cultural identity. The paper examines the role of state in tourism development policies in post conflict Cambodia by discussing the talks/speeches made by Prime Minister Hun Sen in respect of tourism development policies in Cambodia. Twenty eight speeches were identified and analyzed under the framework of textual analysis and the discourse of power. Nine factor were determined in the context of tourism development: security and safety for tourists; infrastructure and tourism facilities development; stakeholders collaboration ; cultural heritage preservation; environmental protection; human resources development; tourism products promotion; simplification of travel procedures; and regional cooperation.
Tourism as a Stimulus for Sustainable Development in Rural Areas: A Cypriot Perspective, by Werner Gronau and Rudi Kaufmann
Since the mid 90ies the debate of how to achieve the objective of sustainability in the tourism sector is en vogue. Often weakly illuminated, however, is the interesting question as to whether the underlying framework conditions of the tourism industry are consistent with the concept of sustainability. This paper aims on contributing to the dialogue with a new interdisciplinary perspective. Rather than putting the emphasis on the question of whether the tourism industry can be sustainable or how sustainable it can be, the perspective of this paper focuses on whether tourism can support sustainable development. This, so far neglected shift in perspective, opens up a completely new field of academic discussion due to its remodelling of the interrelationship between sustainability and tourism industry. Therefore, in a first step, the possible influences of the tourism industry towards supporting sustainable development will be discussed. In a second step, the results of a qualitative study performed by the authors in the context of the Cypriot Agro Tourism will be presented, in order to empirically elicit existing influences of tourism on sustainable development in the rural areas of Cyprus. Especially, the case study illuminates the consequences of an efficient interplay between strategic and operational decision makers, hence, addressing both, macro and micro issues. The paper concludes, that, in synthesis with the concepts of local heritage, entrepreneurship and location branding, this innovative form of tourism can provide a significant contribution to the economic, social and environmental components of sustainability and can be regarded as a best practice example.
The Importance of Strategic Stakeholder Management in Tourism Sector: Research on Probable Applications, by Burcu Selin Yilmaz and Ozgur Devrim Gunel
The main object of this study is to explain the importance of strategic stakeholder management in tourism sector. In today’s turbulent and chaotic business environment all businesses have to operate under the pressure of different interests and influences which management has to assess and evaluate to adjust them with corporate objectives. Therefore strategic stakeholder management practices could be considered as useful tools in dealing with the stakeholder interests in order to achieve corporate objectives. In making important corporate decisions, it is necessary to know about expectations and impacts of different stakeholders. In this study by examining former studies, the importance of the concept of stakeholder for organizations, the reasons why organizations should respond to their stakeholders and the need for managing stakeholders strategically, its importance and practices in tourism sector are demonstrated. In addition, the tourism sector managers’ opinions and attitudes towards strategic stakeholder management are examined by interviews with managers of some tourism enterprises in Izmir.
Domestic Tourism in Iran, by Mohammad Taghi Sheykhi
The present paper explores and assesses various dimensions of tourist activities, multiple meanings and uses of tourisms in Iran. The country being endowed with numerous historical and cultural attractions, heritages and sites, many Iranians, are interested to visit them. In this way, domestic tourism is improving more than ever before. In addition to other objectives, domestic tourism contributes to the integration within different communities in the country. Therefore, native people are drawn to a variety of national and local attractions such as historical regions, natural landscapes, museums, religious shrines etc. However, the government has been highly insistent in developing state schemes aiming at the expansion of tourism in the country in the past few years. Under the impact of industrialization, per capita income has increased, and thereby the people have started opting ,more leisure, travel and tour.
Get on the Bus!, by Cheryl A. Brown
In this article, the author conducted preliminary research on public transportation systems in four countries to aid in the development of a Comparative Public Administration course. The four countries (Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom and South Africa) each offer unique challenges regarding mass transit. Increasing investment in mass public transit is vital to controlling urban pollution, reducing dependency on foreign oil, and reducing traffic congestion. Additionally, the article looks at the use of sabbaticals as a tool for researchers, both as a method for revitalizing professionals in the academic world and as a way to encourage research on subjects which may be less well-funded. The research will be incorporated into the course as an example of the kinds of research the students can do themselves, regardless of area of interest .
Motivations of Young Volunteers in Special Events, by Nahla Osama Nassar & Nashwa Mohamed Talaat
Volunteers are considered one of the main pillars of the special events. Motivations of volunteers have received a great attention from many organizations as they proved to be of a great value for human resources. Volunteering in special events bring different people together no matter what are their ethnics, origins, religion and economic standards. It also creates a sense of social harmony. The main issue of this research is to identify the motivations, needs and attitudes of young volunteers. Data gathered to examine these points from university students (n=500) that volunteered and those who did not volunteer in special events. The 12th version of the statistical tool (Statistical Package for Social Science) SPSS was used to execute data statistical analysis of the field study.
J. Wilks, D. Pendergast & P. Leggat (editors): Tourism in Turbulent Times - Towards Safe Experiences for Visitors, Elsevier Advances in Tourism Research Series, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2006. Review by Yoel Mansfeld
W. Pease, M. Rowe & M. Cooper (editors): Information and Communication Technologies in Support of the Tourism Industry, Idea Group Publishing, London, United Kingdom, 2007. Review by Dimosthenis Marinidis
O. Getino (editors): Tourism: Between Otium and Nec-Otium. Cultural Identity and Economic Development in Latin America and MERCOSUR, Buenos Aires, Ciccus-La Cujia, 2002. Review by Maximiliano E. Korstanje
Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism (16th ENTER Conference), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 28-30 January 2009. Report by Marianna Sigala and Panagiotis Kassianidis
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