TOURISMOS: An International Multidisciplinary Refereed Journal of Tourism
Volume 1, Number 1, Spring 2006
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Signifying Practices and the Co-Tourist, by Daina Cheyenne Harvey & Janet Lorenzen
Within the paradigm of tourist studies there has recently been an acceptance of the democratization of tourism and consumption. Missing from the notion of the democratization of tourism is the role of status building through the creation of cultural capital enhancing experiences. While tourist spaces may be becoming democratized, the relationships between tourists within those spaces are not. Increasingly tourists are relying on the performance and presence of other tourists who have similar interests and motives, what we call the role of the co-tourist, to facilitate the tourist experience. This paper addresses the importance of recognizing status and consumption for the study of tourism, posits the notion of a co-tourist, and ends with some reflections on the co-tourist in Santa Barbara, California.
From Travellers Accounts to Travel Books and Guide Books: The Formation of a Greek Tourism M arket in the 19th century, by Margarita Dritsas
The paper traces the emergence of the tourism market by using instead of statistics or quantitative data, which are very rare for the period, alternative sources. It traces the transition from travel writers to travel guide-books by focusing on the rich literature about Greek travel. It points to the process of commodification of poetry and literature of the 1800's as information sources and tools of creating the tourist ‘gaze', on the one hand, and to the appearance of the main patterns of the mass tourist market, on the other. By referring to and analysing the most widely used travel books of the period (the John Murray and Baedecker Handbooks for Travel) it contrasts them with earlier forms of travel writing. It points to the process of appropriation of the latter by the new genre; the passage from a more personal, romantic, literary and direct style of individual travellers during the early 19th century to a detached, authoritative and descriptive style at the end of the period. Hypotheses are formulated about how new institutions and businesses contributed to creating and propagating the special tourist gaze about Greece, as well as about the main patterns of mass travel which characterized visits to Greece during the second half of the 19 th century and early 20th century. By comparing handbooks the paper also draws hypotheses about the diversification of the market.
Transport capital as a determinant of tourism development: A time series approach, by Seetanah Boopen
Li ttle serious research has been undertaken into the significance of transport as a factor in destination development despite being acknowledged by many writers. The paper aims at identifying and quantifying the factors that made Mauritius attractive to tourists and also to more importantly to investigate the importance transportation capital in the overall destination's attractiveness. The novelty of this paper is that is extends a classical demand for international tourism function to include a proxy of public capital stock which has been decoupled into transport and non-transport infrastructure, and also uses co-integration analysis to model the determinants of tourism for a small island economy case. Results from the analysis show that transport capital stock of the country has been contributing positively of the number of tourist arrival in both short and long run. Tourism infrastructure is reported to be a more important ingredient than transport in the tourism equation. Non transport infrastructure, though having a positive sign, was however found to be insignificant. The study thus highlights the importance of transport capital in adding to the value of service and experience received by tourism.
An Empirical Study of Peace Tourism Trends between Politically Divided South and North Korea: Past, Present & Future, by Youngsun Shin
On April 13-15, 2000 South and North Korean leaders met in Pyongyang for a meeting of peace ending over fifty years of hostilities. According to this meeting, South and North Korea were believed to be among the economies most directly affected by the world peace process. This had a large effect on both countries in many aspects, socially, politically and economically. One of the sectors, which may gain immediate benefits, is tourism even though the study of the relationship between tourism and peace is relatively new. This study investigates of peace tourism trends between politically divided South and North Korea. It examines tourism as past, present and future activities in influencing reconciliation between the two peoples and governments and discusses the current state of affairs of this two countries and tourism between South and North Korea.
Product design decisions for developing new tourist destinations: The case of Rhodopi mountain, by Chris A. Vassiliadis, George J. Siomkos, Aikaterini Vassilikopoulou & John Mylonakis
The scope of the paper is to present the proper tourist product characteristics and market opportunities by the recipients of the tourist market, aiming at the support of the sustainable tourism design process. These characteristics concern the prospective elevated tourist destinations that may be exploited strategically by the tourist administration of the destinations. For the investigation of the most important product characteristics factor analysis was applied, as well as, spatial perceptual mapping techniques. The paper is based on a situation analysis, using as case the Rhodopi Mountain area in Greece. Results showed that the design of the elevation of the destination is a viable market prospective, if it is based on three major factors: the climate (geophysical and archaeological characteristics), taverns-restaurants (gastronomy) and parking areas (spa, post shops and health centers). Various combinations of relevant characteristics are proposed, which ameliorate particular effective characteristics of the area, which could raise the area's attractiveness to professional partners and potential groups of customers.
Strategic employee training and development in chinese luxury hotels, by Yu Wang
Training and development is increasingly important to the international hotel industry, especially in China. This paper examines some Chinese four- and five-star hotels' training and development (T&D) practices from a Western human resource development (HRD) perspective and compares the results between the Chinese state ownership and Sino-foreign joint ventures using multiple case studies. Results seem to show that the western way of training and development may not necessarily lead to superior training effects in the Chinese context than those used by state-owned hotels. It suggests that a better T&D model for Chinese hotels may emerge by learning the lessons from both kinds of hotels' good practices.
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