TOURISMOS: An International Multidisciplinary Refereed Journal of Tourism


 

ISSN: 1790-8418 (print)
ISSN: 1792-6521 (online)

 

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Volume 12, Number 2, 2017

Creative Commons: BY-NC-ND

To download Volume 12, Number 2 in PDF form please click here (the file is approximately 9.9 MB and it opens in a new window).

 

Research Papers:

 

THE ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF TOURISM TO THE SLOVAK ECONOMY

Viera Kubičková, Anna Michálková & Iveta Fodranová́

This article discusses methodologies of identification and classification of tourist attractions based on the evaluation of attractions implemented in Croatia for the purpose of the Master Plan and Strategy of Tourism Development of the Republic of Croatia. After reviewing the existing methodologies in identification and classification of tourist attractions in the world and in Croatia, the article explains the approach used in the Master Plan, which has resulted in the list of approximately 280 spatially-determined attractions of international and national importance in Croatia. The list of attractions is used as a tool for the bottom-up approach of classification of tourist attractions in Croatia based on their type and importance. A proposal is made for the general classification of tourist attractions on the basis of the classification of attractions in Croatia as an example of a country with numerous and diverse attractions in a relatively small This study focuses on quantification of economic impacts of tourism by measuring tourism expenditure at the national level via input-output tables which are transmitted to The European System of National and Regional Accounts (ESA 2010) and current Tourism Satellite Account (TSA) based on 2013-14 financial year data. The key findings are as follows: In the year 2013 it accounted for the sum of EUR 4.624.912 thousand. A basic parameter for its calculation is a multiplier of value added with induced effect in the amount of 1.1938. It was the production of selected foods and tobacco, production of accommodation services and catering services that contributed to the total economic value of tourism in the highest volume. Practical utilisations of results consist in creating a database performing more effective decision making process.

 

THE APPLICATIONS OF INTERNAL MARKETING VARIABLES TO DESTINATION MARKETING ORGANIZATIONS            

Rahul Pratap Singh Kaurav, Monika Prakash & Ruturaj Baber    

This study was done to understand the gaps between two industries for the same concept named internal marketing. The study fills the gap with the help of defining IM from the literature review and then transfiguring the idea for the tourism industry focussed towards DMOs (Destination Marketing Organizations). The study has got 13 variables of internal marketing and redefined them for the tourism sector, i.e., inter-functional coordination and integration, customer orientation, marketing-like approach, job satisfaction,empowerment, stakeholder’s motivation, quality of service, stakeholder’s development, training and development, vision of the firm, strategic rewards, internal communication and senior leadership. These definitions can be helpful for planners and managers of DMOs in weaving a strategy to obtain a better performance from all stakeholders. Government departments, agencies, consultancies, and NTOs can also use these definitions for policy planning and implementation.

 

THE LOGISTICS SYSTEM OF BICYCLE TOURISM DESTINATION

Nataša Slavić, PhD

The purpose of this paper is to explore the applicability of the theoretical concept of the tourism logistics system to the bicycle tourism market. The objective is to generate a model of a bicycle tourism destination logistics system based on the conceptual framework and compare it with the actual modus operandi of bicycle destinations. Field research was realized by implementing observational and interview techniques on the example of a bicycle destination area in Croatia. Modelling and systems theory scientific methods were combined in generating three models in the process of applying a logistics approach to bicycle tourism destination system research. The paper provides the framework of an optimal bicycle destination structure and offers managerial implications for efficient bicycle tourism destination management. While the tourism logistics system logic is compatible with bicycle destinations’ requirements, the theoretically based structure is more advanced than the researched system.

 

CAN PSYCHOLOGICAL WELLBEING BE A PREDICTOR OF CHANGE THROUG TRA VEL? AN EXPLORA TORY STUDY ON YOUNG DUTCH TRAVELLERS

Alessandra Fermani, Elena Cavagnaro, Simona Staffieri, Angelo Carrieri & Flavia Stara

This paper focuses on the impact of psychological wellbeing on the change perceived after a travel experience by young students. W ellbeing is investigated as a consequence and not as an antecedent of travel, though literature assumes the subjectivity of the travel experience. Expanding on existing literature, it is hypothesized that ‘change through travel’ is a three- dimensional concept: travellers may feel changed in their relationship with themselves, the other and the natural environment. In 2015 a survey was designed to explore the impact of wellbeing on change as a benefit from travel and a questionnaire administrated in a Dutch university. PCA confirmed the hypothesis and showed three-dimensionality of change. Logistic regression models assessed the impact of wellbeing on change. Results suggest that four out of six wellbeing components (positive relations to others, autonomy, purpose in life, self-acceptance) influence the dimensions of change. Implications of these results for academics and professionals are discussed.

 

INVESTIGATING PERCEIVED RISKS IN INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL

Laura Perpiña, Lluís Prats & Raquel Camprubí   

This study analyses perceived risks in international tourism and looks at how several key indicators contribute to the individuals’ perception of risk in international travel. The purpose of this article is twofold: firstly, to explore the primary risk dimensions associated with international travel; and secondly, to investigate whether sociodemographic variables and past travel experience influence perceived risks. To achieve these purposes, a scale of perceived risks was previously tested using a sample of 530 respondents. An exploratory factor analysis was conducted and a scale of five factors of perceived risks towards travelling internationally was obtained, namely: physical risk, destination risk, value-time risk, personal concerns and inconveniences. This study also revealed that perceptions of risk involved while travelling internationally vary according to personal characteristics, such as gender, age and level of education, as well as past travel experience. Theoretical and practical implications are also discussed.


EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE TOURISM-TERRORISM NEXUS: THE NIGERIAN EXPERIENCE

 Korede Ajogbeje, Oludele Folarin, Emmanuel Oladipupo & Oluwatosin Adeniyi

This paper examined the relationship among tourism, terrorism and broad economic aggregates. We made use of the impulse response and variance decomposition of the Vector Autoregression (VAR) on the Nigerian economy from 1995Q1 to 2012Q4. Besides the appropriate unit root and cointegration properties of the variables, the result revealed, that terrorism had negative effects on other variables of the study, especially tourism. Also, shocks in other variables are majorly caused by terrorism. The study also revealed that tourism responds positively to FDI, but its response to GDP and FDI are mixed overtime. Therefore, growth-promoting and other complimentary policies that will engender aggregate welfare improvement need to be pursued to ensure that the tourism sector sidestep the adverse consequences of terrorism.

 

CONCENTRATION IN THE GREEK HOTEL INDUSTRY 

      Nikolaos Rodousakis, George Soklis & Gerasimos Zacharatos 


This paper applies the n -firm concentration ratio and the Herfindahl- Hirschman Index to Greek hotel industry. The results indicate that the concentration of the industry is quite low not only for the total market but also for the separate markets of the different stars categories. Moreover, it is found that there is a significant difference between the results obtained for the highest categories and those for the lowest categories, the latter displaying much lower concentration. Since the level of concentration in an industry is an important factor of the market structure, the economic policy implications of the findings of this paper would be of some importance for the relevant authorities.

 

TOURISM IN TIME OF CRISIS: SPECIALIZATION, SPATIAL DIVERSIFICATION AND POTENTIAL TO GROWTH ACROSS EUROPEAN REGIONS  

Kostas Rontos, Maria-Eleni Syrmali, Ioannis Vavouras, Efstratia Karagkouni & Luca Salvatí


Tourism is a pivotal economic sector with major social impact on local communities and a development pillar for both advanced and emerging countries. Tourism development has a valuable impact on employment and output, contributing to post-crisis economic recovery. Under the hypothesis that tourism development is a complex phenomenon shaped by economic growth and negatively influenced by the most recent financial crisis, this study proposes a comprehensive analysis of the spatial distribution of tourism activities across European countries and regions during recession time (2008- 2014). Changes in the location quotient of tourism jobs were computed to evaluate the importance of this sector across European regions, providing an informative base for policies enhancing tourism competitiveness. The 2007 recession resulted a spatially-heterogeneous impact on tourism specialization across European regions, maintaining a strong (and sometimes declining) base in southern Europe, promoting tourism diversification with sparse employment growth in western and central Europe and strengthening cultural and natural attraction poles in northern Europe.


 




 

 

 

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